We’ve all seen them: Phone zombies, people who don’t even glance up once while walking down the street. These phone zombies are also socially awkward – it’s like they’ve forgotten how to communicate in the real world since they’re coddled from being constantly glued to their phones.
But the negative effects of this tech overload aren’t just social – there are physical dangers, as well. “Digital eye strain has become increasingly more common from hours of staring at computers and phones all day,” says Dr. Jessica Lee, Retina Surgeon at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. Read on to find out how to fight this modern day phenomenon.
Dim Your Screen
It may seem obvious, but the same way we shouldn’t stare into the sun because brightness is bad for our eyes, the same rule applies to the screens we keep inches away from our face at almost all times. Whether it’s your laptop or phone screen, fiddle around with the settings and figure out how to set the brightness lower. Even a slight dimming has a positive effect on making your eyes work less hard. Using your phone at night has been linked to insomnia, fitful sleep and other sleeping issues. So if you want a really restful night of slumber, experts say that it’s time to avoid the screen or at the very least, turn it way down.
Make Your Text Bigger
Hey, it may make you feel like a senior citizen, but it’s better to look silly in your youth than get to your elder years and find your eyes are totally shot. No matter how young you are, you are definitely squinting in order to read every minuscule letter, and besides causing wrinkles around the eyes, it can put major strain on your ocular nerves. Experts recommend that you play around with your phone’s settings and make the text size bigger, so that your exerting less effort when scrolling through your Facebook newsfeed.
Don’t Forget To Blink
It may seem really obvious, but because blue lights from our screens can disrupt our eyes’ natural functions, there’s a chance that you may be staring at a screen without blinking for long periods of time! Even if you have to consciously remind yourself, blinking is super critical for eye lubrication and you should do it as much as possible.
Originally released in 1994, Pulp Fiction was dark, non-linear, and an instant classic. Not to mention, it debuted with a star-studded cast that’s only continued to impress audiences in the time since the film’s debut. But what exactly are all of these familiar actors doing now?
John Travolta as Vincent Vega
When John Travolta was cast as Vincent Vega in Pulp Fiction, it wasn’t what Tarantino had in mind. He wanted to hire Michael Madsen, who’d been in Reservoir Dogs a couple of years before.
Still, John Travolta’s performance stunned audiences. The star was already a household name from performing in titles like Grease but his career wasn’t exactly flying high. He even worked on the film for a reduced salary.
John Travolta – Now
Travolta’s career hasn’t been flawless since the release of Pulp Fiction. While he’s starred in a few flops but, overall, he’s still going strong with new and recent roles.
On television, Travolta’s recent roles include a range from hosting Saturday Night Live to playing Robert Shapiro in the series The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story. His career stays diverse as well including action, horror, and more. Back in 2012, he even worked with other members of the Grease cast again for a Christmas album.
Samuel L. Jackson as Jules Winnfield
Unlike John Travolta, the role of Vincent Vega’s partner in crime, Jules Winnfield, was written for Samuel L. Jackson. However, he still almost lost his Pulp Fiction role.
At one point, the role was almost won by Paul Calderon. Calderon had previously worked with other Pulp Fiction stars including Christopher Walken and Harvey Keitel. Yet, when he found out how well Calderon did, Jackson auditioned with Tarantino again. He won the role and earned a spot as a nominee for Best Supporting Actor.
Samuel L. Jackson – Now
Today’s audience knows Samuel L. Jackson for a variety of roles. Not to mention, his performance in Pulp Fiction continues to be praised by audiences new and old.
As of late, the most consistent role Jackson has taken on is that of Nick Fury in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Outside of that role, he’s also worked with Spike Lee in an Oldboy remake and teamed up with Tarantino again for films like Django Unchained. He’s also appeared in the remake of RoboCop.
Maria de Medeiros as Fabienne
Earlier we discussed Butch’s girlfriend who he flees with in the movie. This character in Pulp Fiction was named Fabienne, a soft-spoken but slightly odd woman.
This character was portrayed by Maria de Medeiros. She had appeared with another one of the cast members, Uma Thurman, once before in Henry and June. Looking back today, the actress who was up-and-coming at the time has built an impressive career since her appearance in Pulp Fiction.
Maria de Medeiros – Now
As we noted, Maria de Medeiros definitely didn’t slow down after her appearance in Pulp Fiction. In fact, her popularity would only continue to increase with her later roles.
Notably, she landed a supporting role in 2003 with the debut of My Life Without Me. This would actually place her back in a role with Amanda Plummer. On top of that, she branched out into directing as well. She was the director behind April Captains in 2000. She’s even released three albums showing off her musical talent as well!
Bruce Willis as Butch Coolidge
Butch Coolidge, a boxer, comes into contact with Marsellus Wallace when he’s asked to throw a fight. Instead, he opts to run away, taking his girlfriend with him.
The Pulp Fiction character was brought to life on the silver screen by none other than Bruce Willis. While Willis’ career was going strong for a while, much like Travolta, he needed a boost from Pulp Fiction. Luckily for him, the movie would succeed both in the box office and with a cult following.
Bruce Willis – Now
As mentioned, Bruce Willis was hoping for a boost from Pulp Fiction and it worked! Since then, his career has boomed including some of his most well-remembered roles.
This includes some of Willis’ most iconic characters such as his role in the Die Hard films. He also joined other action movies like Armageddon, The Expendables 2, and G.I. Joe: Retaliation. He wasn’t afraid to branch out either. He stepped into horror with The Sixth Sense and science fiction with The Fifth Element.
Tim Roth as “Pumpkin”
One of the several now well-known scenes in Pulp Fiction depicts a couple wreaking havoc on a diner and its occupants. The man in the couple is known as Ringo or just “Pumpkin.”
This role was filled by Tim Roth. Roth is another actor that came out of starring in Tarantino’s other wildly famous film at the time, Reservoir Dogs. While the actor didn’t have as many on-screen lines as the likes of John Travolta and Samuel L. Jackson, Roth still made the character iconic and instantly recognizable.
Tim Roth – Now
Later on, Roth would work with Tarantino again a year after the release of Pulp Fiction. This time, it would involve Robert Rodriguez as well in the anthology film Four Rooms.
Roth has also starred in a slew of successful and recognizable films like Planet of the Apes, Dark Water, and the 2008 Incredible Hulk film by Louis Leterrier. Since then, he’s appeared in Arbitrage and Broken as well as the lead role in the series Lie to Me, Dr. Cal Lightman.
Amanda Plummer as Yolanda or “Honey Bunny”
The diner scene in Pulp Fiction can also be accredited to Yolanda or “Honey Bunny.” The character was the girlfriend of Tim Roth’s character, Ringo.
Yolanda was brought to life on the big screen by Amanda Plummer. Plummer made the character intriguing but still frightening in her villainous role as a robber. Before playing Yolanda in the film, Plummer had a starring role in So I Married an Axe Murderer, a dark comedy piece.
Amanda Plummer – Now
Amanda Plummer would join the ranks of her other cast members and rejoin one of them for a film. A year after Pulp Fiction, she and Christopher Walker were both in The Prophecy.
After that film, though, Plummer mostly focused her talent on indie flicks. This included movies like My Life Without Me, Freeway, Small Apartments, and Girlfriend. However, she jumped back into the mainstream when she played Wiress in The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, the second film in the then-popular series.
Ving Rhames as Marsellus Wallace
One character that stood at the center of Pulp Fiction was Marsellus Wallace. The character was the employer of Jules and Vincent – Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta.
This character was played by Ving Rhames. Before his casting, though, Tarantino wanted to have the role filled by Sid Haig. Haig had been popular in the ’70s for his roles in classic films. That role was shifted to Rhames when his audition impressed Tarantino with his audition.
Ving Rhames – Now
With roles like Marsellus Wallace in Pulp Fiction on his resume, Ving Rhames had no trouble breaking into new roles. He even landed spots in films that almost everyone knew about.
This included credits in movies like Mission: Impossible, Out of Sight, and Con Air. He’d also step into the horror genre with credits like his role in the 2004 version of Dawn of the Dead. He also landed television roles like his spot on TNT’s Monday Mornings. He’d even meet back up with Bruce Willis for Surrogates.
Rosanna Arquette as Jody
Lance’s wife was also a memorable character in Pulp Fiction. The character’s name was Jody and she would ultimately be played by Rosanna Arquette.
The role was actually tossed between Arquette and Pam Grier before falling to Arquette. While both actresses were talented, Tarantino didn’t think that an audience would believe Pam Grier was playing a character that would be easily pushed around by others. Later on, Grier would star in Jackie Brown and Arquette was chosen for Jody instead.
Rosanna Arquette – Now
Rosanna Arquette would continue to interact with other Pulp Fiction alumni. For one, she’d go onto work with Bruce Willis in The Whole Nine Yards and she and Pam Grier both appeared in The L Word.
Aside from that, Arquette has enjoyed a variety of roles on the big screen. For instance, she worked in both Joe Dirt and Hope Floats. In 2011, she’d even have a horror role in an indie horror flick titled The Divide. On television, she’s appeared in both Ray Donovan and Girls.
Harvey Keitel as Winston “The Wolf” Wolfe
For Tarantino fans, the return of Harvey Keitel was exciting. After all, he’d previously not only starred in but served as a producer for Tarantino’s film Reservoir Dogs.
In Pulp Fiction, Winston Wolfe is better known simply as The Wolf. His role was as a fixer and, as it turned out, the role was written specifically for him. This wasn’t just because of his work in Reservoir Dogs, though. The actor was actually one of Tarantino’s favorites in Hollywood since the director was a teen.
Harvey Keitel – Now
Harvey Keitel wouldn’t stop working with Tarantino anytime soon, either. After Pulp Fiction, the pair would work together again in 1996 on the film From Dusk Till Dawn.
Much like Travolta and Thurman, Keitel would also join the cast of Be Cool in 2005. He would also later work with Bruce Willis once again when they appeared together in Wes Anderson’s Moonrise Kingdom in 2012. Anderson and Keitel would work together once more for The Grand Budapest Hotel as well.
Eric Stoltz as Lance
The interesting thing about Pulp Fiction is that even the roles that aren’t meant to be the star stand out. Who could forget about Lance, a character that comes into play through Vincent?
Eric Stoltz was the actor behind this character. Before he took on the role in Pulp Fiction, he had been in other films including Singles and Mask. He would even rejoin his castmates, Christopher Walken and Amanda Plummer a year after the movie in the release of The Prophecy.
Eric Stoltz – Now
Since the premiere of Pulp Fiction, Eric Stoltz has tried on a number of different hats in Hollywood. This includes everything from being in front of the camera to being behind it.
In acting, he would go on to star in The Rules of Attraction, The Butterfly Effect, and Anaconda. He even starred on an IFC series, Maron, marking his debut on television. He also directed television shows including parts of Glee as well as Nashville.
Christopher Walken as Captain Koons
While he isn’t a starring role in Pulp Fiction, he did come on screen for a memorable monologue. The role of Captain Koons was still crucial to the movie, though.
The captain was actually a friend of Butch’s fathers who visited Butch as a child to pass down a watch to him. The role went to an instantly recognizable actor: Christopher Walken. Before Pulp Fiction, Walken had worked with Tarantino on a minor role in True Romance.
Christopher Walken – Now
Since Pulp Fiction, Christopher Walken has proven to be an incredibly talented actor. He’s someone that most people can recognize just from seeing his face.
After the movie, he had no problem landing more roles. He was a part of films like Catch Me If You Can and Balls of Fury. Later on, in 2007, he would even reunite with his former castmate John Travolta for Hairspray. Even more recently, he’s been in Stand Up Guys and the film adaptation of Jersey Boys.
Uma Thurman as Mia Wallace
Uma Thurman was no small name when she took on one of the starring roles in Pulp Fiction. In the movie, she plays the wife of the mobster Marsellus Wallace.
The studio didn’t originally have Thurman in mind for the role. Instead, they imagined someone like Meg Ryan or Holly Hunter. Thurman was brought up for consideration for the role thanks to Tarantino’s recommendation. She initially turned down the role before Tarantino convinced her to read the script.
Uma Thurman – Now
Since the release of Pulp Fiction, Uma Thurman has worked with her colleagues once again. Not only that, but she’s worked on quite a few projects independently as well.
The actress worked with Tarantino most notably on another set of his movies: Kill Bill and its sequel. In 2005, a year after the release of the sequel, she would reunite with her costar and in-film dance partner John Travolta in Be Cool. She also appeared in films such as Ceremony and the television show Smash.